Estrategias para evaluar el síntoma de fatiga en personas con enfermedad renal crónica:

revisión sistemática

Autores/as

  • Marinéia Albrecht Kickhöfel
  • Eda Schwartz
  • Lílian Moura de Lima Spagnolo
  • Fernanda Lise

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33517/rue2022v17n1a9

Palabras clave:

insuficiencia renal crónica, escala de evaluación, enfermería, enfermedad renal crónica, fatiga

Resumen

Extraído do projeto de dissertação intitulado “Avaliação da fadiga em pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento hemodialítico” apresentado ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UFPel em 2019.

Introducción: La evaluación de los síntomas de fatiga en personas con enfermedad renal crónica ha sido un desafío para la enfermería porque es un síntoma subjetivo y está asociado con otras comorbilidades. Objetivo: analizar la evidencia científica sobre la prevalencia, los factores predictivos y las estrategias para la evaluación de los síntomas de fatiga en personas con enfermedad renal crónica. Método: Estudio sistemático de revisión de literatura realizado en tres bases de datos (PubMed / MEDLINE, BIREME y LILACS) utilizando los descriptores "Insuficiencia renal, crónica", "Fatiga" y los niveles de evidencia de los estudios fueron verificados. Para el análisis de datos empleamos un instrumento de evaluación de ítems y un análisis descriptivo. Resultados: Los criterios de inclusión fueron 36 estudios que evaluaron la prevalencia de fatiga en 7,587 personas con enfermedad renal crónica en 15 países en cuatro continentes; los factores predictivos fueron individuales, psicosociales, clínicos y comorbilidades; Las estrategias de evaluación incluyeron 40 instrumentos, información sociodemográfica y clínica. En cuanto al nivel de evidencia, los estudios se centran en los niveles tres y cuatro. Consideraciones finales: la prevalencia y los factores predictivos se pueden manejar empleando estrategias de evaluación válidas para evaluar los síntomas de fatiga en personas con enfermedad renal crónica, así como con intervenciones confiables como suplementos nutricionales, hipnosis, acupuntura, ergometría intradialítica de piernas y apoyo social, que puede ser adoptado por enfermería en unidades de nefrología para promover una reducción en la prevalencia de síntomas de fatiga.

Biografía del autor/a

Marinéia Albrecht Kickhöfel

Bacharel em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). Mestranda no Programa de Pós-Graduação (UFPel). Bolsista CAPES. Membro do Núcleo de Condições Crônicas e Interfaces (NUCCRIN).

Eda Schwartz

Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora Titular da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, docente do Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem, Mestrado Profissional em Saúde da Família (PROFSAUDE/Departamento de Medicina Social/ UFPel) e da Residência Multiprofissional da UFPel. Bolsista de produtividade em pesquisa do CNPq. Membro da International Family Nursing Association (IFNA) e do Membro do Núcleo de Condições Crônicas e Interfaces (NUCCRIN).

Lílian Moura de Lima Spagnolo

Doutora em Enfermagem. Docente na Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Membro do Núcleo de Condições Crônicas e Interfaces (NUCCRIN).

Fernanda Lise

Doutora em Enfermagem. Pós-doutoranda no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da pela Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). Membro do Comitê de Práticas da International Family Nursing Association (IFNA) e do Núcleo de Condições Crônicas e Interfaces (NUCCRIN).

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Publicado

2022-03-17

Cómo citar

1.
Kickhöfel MA, Schwartz E, Spagnolo LM de L, Lise F. Estrategias para evaluar el síntoma de fatiga en personas con enfermedad renal crónica: : revisión sistemática. RUE [Internet]. 17 de marzo de 2022 [citado 20 de mayo de 2022];17(1):e2022v17n1a9. Disponible en: https://rue.fenf.edu.uy/index.php/rue/article/view/341

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Revisión Crítica

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